Colorado Springs orders 9 cannabis clubs to “cease and desist”

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** Colorado Springs orders 9 cannabis clubs to “cease and desist” (http://www.denverpost.com/2016/09/20/colorado-springs-cannabis-clubs-cease-and-desist-orders/)

Nine Colorado Springs cannabis consumption clubs received cease-and-desist letters from the City Clerk’s Office last week in the first crackdown under a ban on the clubs enacted by the City Council on March 22.

The clubs sprang up after Amendment 64 was passed in 2012 legalizing adult use and sales of recreational marijuana but banning public consumption. The clubs gave people a place to use cannabis and socialize in private.

Colorado Springs outlawed sales of recreational marijuana in the city, but the clubs got around the ban by providing pot to their patrons on a “reimbursement model:” they could either “trade” cannabis for memberships or sign affidavits saying the club was growing the customer’s legally allowed six marijuana plants for them. Although city officials view such actions as de facto sales, the practice has continued. The ban passed in March, however, says the clubs cannot sell, trade, give, distribute or allow the transfer of marijuana.

The ban gave clubs that existed before Sept. 23, 2015, eight years to phase out their businesses, an effort to help the owners protect their investment. But under the law, every owner had to submit a consumption club application and $200 fee by April 29 to get a one-year renewable license for $90 plus registration fees. Only five clubs applied by the deadline. One was approved, two are under consideration and two were denied.

The denied clubs, along with seven other identified clubs that did not apply for licensing, have been ordered to close because they are not licensed, as required.

** 4 Ways the Fundamentals of Yoga Is Linked with Cannabis (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/2-key-ways-early-history-yoga-linked-cannabis)

BALTIMORE, Md. (WJZ)– A Maryland company is taking legal action against the state’s cannabis commission, claiming they were robbed of their right to become one of the state’s first licensed medical marijuana companies.

GTI Maryland is accusing the commission of illegally taking them off the list of 15 companies that had initially been approved for growing licenses. Now they’re demanding answers.

WJZ reached out to the cannabis commission and they told WJZ they can’t comment on pending litigation.

The lawsuit filed in Baltimore City circuit court demands GTI’s place in the top 15 to be restored immediately. The company is now fighting to fix what they’re calling an injustice to patients.

“When it comes to helping those who suffer and our in need, there is only one thing to do: the right thing. That was not done here,” said Sterling Crockett of GTI Maryland.

The claims from GTI Maryland leaders come as the company prepares for a legal battle against the state’s cannabis commission.

The lawsuit was filed after GTI and another company went from the top of a list of companies on track to be awarded the state’s first growing licenses, to out of the running completely.

Traded out for companies in Prince George’s County and the Eastern Shore for what the commission calls “geographical diversity.”

The lawsuit calls the process illogical, opaque, and fatally flawed.

“You don’t change the rules after the game has been played, yet that is what’s happening here,” said former Baltimore Ravens player and investor Eugene Monroe.

The lawsuit is the latest in a series of controversial discussions since the state legalized medical marijuana in 2013. Most recently claims of a lack of diversity out of the 15 growers and 15 processors pre-approved for licenses this year.

Members of the Black Caucus are calling on the governor to step in.

“The push is to get this resolved before the session starts,” said a member of the Black Caucus.

The company tells WJZ they’re demanding answers to find out what led members of the commission to change their minds.

“The real victims here, first and foremost are the patients of Maryland,” said Pete Kadens of GTI Maryland.

** 4 Ways the Fundamentals of Yoga Is Linked with Cannabis (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/2-key-ways-early-history-yoga-linked-cannabis)

It’s no secret that yoga and cannabis often work in tandem. In Colorado, Washington and Oregon, the states where cannabis is legal (along with some medical marijuana states like California), yoga studios are ramping up ganja-friendly classes. Colorado yoga teacher and cannabis advocate (http://www.zoehelene.com/cosmic-sister-plant-spirit-grant-rachael-carlevale/) Rachael Carlevale recently opened a yoga business called Ganjasana (http://ganjasana.com/) that uses yoga to tap into what she says are innate connections humans share with the cannabis plant. (Rachael is a founding member of the feminist cannabis and psychedelics education and advocacy network Cosmic Sister, started by activist Zoe Helene who is featured in this AlterNet article (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/feminist-mission-introduce-women-ayahuasca-cosmic-spirit) ). In Portland, Oregon and surrounding areas there are yoga-cannabis wellness meetup groups (http://www.meetup.com/Cannabis-Yoga-Alternative-Wellness/members/135811132/) , and anumber of studios offer pot-friendly classes (http://www.wweek.com/headout/2016/05/10/get-high-and-do-yoga/) as detailed in Willamette Weekly. Seattle, Washington's yoga and sound bath, which pairs yoga, cannabis and musical vibrations, is a local favorite according to The Stranger (https://www.thestranger.com/events/23443502/cannabis-friendly-yoga-and-sound-bath) —and there are plenty more examples.

While the pairing of the two age-old healing methodologies is on the rise, it’s by no means a new trend. Yoga and cannabis were intertwined in antiquity.

In India, the birthplace of yoga, the sacred status of the cannabis plant, or ganja/hashish was revered and celebrated as an integral part of culture for millennia. Then In 1961, despite significant opposition from India, the U.S. pressured India and other nations to sign an international narcotics treaty banning cannabis as a dangerous drug at the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs in New York. This was part of the disastrous, decades-long U.S.-led global war on drugs (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/london-school-economics-report-reveals-economic-disasters-war-drugs) , which demonized cannabis (http://www.alternet.org/story/85205/howpotbecamedemonized%3Athefinelinebetweengoodmedicineand%27dangerousdrugs%27) beginning in the 1950s. At long last, just this decade, the herb’s status as a medicine is beginning to reemerge. With its gradual re-legalization in the U.S. and elsewhere, the public is relearning about its potential to help children (http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/treating-seizures-and-epilepsy/other-treatment-approaches/medical-marijuana-and-epilepsy) with epilepsy, shrink cancerous tumors (https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/government-run-cancer-institute-quietly-acknowledges-that-cannabi/) , alleviate chronic pain (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/why-marijuana-works-better-opiates-control-pain) (more safely and successfully than opiates), and provide feelings of relaxation and bliss in a much safer (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/10-reasons-marijuana-better-you-alcohol) way than alcohol.

Even as cannabis was legally banned for public use in India, a number of yogic sects continue to use the herb.

[Read More (http://www.alternet.org/drugs/2-key-ways-early-history-yoga-linked-cannabis) ]

** Cannabis and Migraines: A Possible New Treatment Option? (https://www.leafly.com/news/health/cannabis-and-migraine-treatment/)

Cannabis as a medicine has an ancient history with anecdotes dating back to the Vedic period (c.1500 BCE) in India and Nepal. It wasn’t until 1839 that William Brooke O’Shaughnessy introduced the therapeutic potential of cannabis to the western hemisphere, and another 75 years after that until Sir William Osler, the father of modern medicine, proposed its use for the treatment of migraines and headaches (https://www.leafly.com/explore/symptoms-headaches/sort-alpha) . The criminalization of cannabis has since hindered our ability to research its potential; to-date, much of what we understand is largely anecdotal or based on animal or tissue culture experiments.

However, as countries legalize cannabis and as public opinion changes, cannabis research will flourish. What we already know of its ability to treat migraines and headaches is promising.

A migraine is a complex condition with a number of symptoms including the following: * Painful headaches * Disturbed vision * Sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound (phonophobia) * Nausea and vomiting * Disorientation * Problems with coordination

These symptoms can last several hours to several days, and in severe cases reversible paralysis or loss of consciousness can occur. Migraines are triggered by a variety of internal (somatic, physiological) and external (chemical, environmental) variables. People who get migraines are thought to have a genetic predisposition toward having abnormal cells in the brain stem.

What Causes Migraines?

Evidence suggests that migraines are the result of a variety of triggers interacting with a dysfunctional brain stem center involved in pain regulation. These triggers activate the trigeminovascular system (neurons in the trigeminal nerve that supply cerebral blood vessels with nerves), and consequently the dilation of cerebral blood vessels, which in turn activate brain circuits associated with pain and inflammation.

Anandamide and 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) are endogenous cannabinoids (https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/cannabinoids-101-what-makes-cannabis-medicine/) naturally found in the nervous system that, together with cannabinoid receptors, form the endocannabinoid system (https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/is-your-endocannabinoid-system-in-balance/) (ECS). When anandamide (https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/why-does-cannabis-make-you-feel-good/) and 2-AG interact with cannabinoid receptors, they inhibit blood vessel dilation and modulate the pain mechanisms activated by an individual’s triggers (e.g. changes in atmospheric pressure, chocolate, or caffeine).

** What are the Current Migraine Treatment Options?

Migraines are treated with a variety of acute (onset of an attack) and prophylactic or preventative medications. The frequency and severity of a migraine, as well as the lifestyle and constitution of an individual, are all factors to consider when choosing the proper medication.

Examples of acute medications for pain relief (analgesics) include acetaminophen, opioids,triptans (http://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/triptans-serotonin-receptor-agonists-for-migraine-headaches) , glucocorticoids (steroid hormones), and ergots (http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/headache-medicine-ergot-derivative-containing-oral-route-parenteral-route-rectal-route/description/drg-20070161) . In general, preventative medications include a variety of cardiovascular drugs (beta and calcium channel blockers), anti-depressants, anti-convulsants, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Side effects of these medications might include nausea, dizziness, drowsiness, and muscle weakness.

Can Cannabis be Used as Migraine Treatment and Prevention?

Pain management (https://www.leafly.com/news/strains-products/best-cannabis-strains-for-treating-pain/) is the best known medical benefit of cannabis, most notably of the cannabinoid CBD (https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/whats-the-deal-with-these-high-cbd-strains/) , which is thought to have analgesic properties that may help reduce a patient’s dependence prescription opiates (https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/could-cannabis-help-treat-painkiller-and-heroin-addiction/) as well as manage a host of negative side effects. Patients also use cannabis to help them sleep (https://www.leafly.com/news/strains-products/the-best-cannabis-strains-for-insomnia/) , stimulate their appetite (https://www.leafly.com/news/strains-products/10-cannabis-strains-to-help-stimulate-your-appetite/) , and manage mood and anxiety (https://www.leafly.com/news/strains-products/what-are-the-best-cannabis-strains-for-anxiety/) levels.

Migraine sufferers can experience debilitating pain, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms are potentially manageable with cannabis due to the anti-emetic (vomit and nausea-preventing), anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving properties associated with specific cannabinoids, including THC and CBD.

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